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Back in the depression years of the 1930s, more than 30% of County Durham’s workforce was unemployed.  The National Council for Social Service (the Government Agency of the day) recognised a need to provide social support for the unemployed, and this led to the establishment of The Community Service Council for County Durham in 1935 (the Council).

The Council provided practical help and support for hard-pressed men and their families, by establishing a series of Service Clubs for men and women covering skills such as handicrafts, keep fit, education and drama.  The clubs weren’t meant to be a substitute for work, but rather a means by which men and women could use their enforced idleness to ‘be of some profit to themselves and to the community in which they live.’

Clubs were established across the historic county of Durham, from South Shields in the north-east, across to Consett in the west, Barnard Castle in the south-west and Stockton-on-Tees and Hartlepool in the south-east.  Many were supported by donations from ordinary benefactors, some of whom lived in the south of England.  Clubs were even adopted by government departments helping to build firm friendships and new connections, and bridging the divide between north and south that exists to this day.


Community Service Clubs
The King & Queen at Tow Law

The old name lasted until 1984, when the organisation changed its name to Durham Rural Community Council, reflecting the growing importance of the rural agenda, thanks in particular to financial support from the Rural Development Commission.

The old name served us well for almost 30 years, and rural communities remain a key part of our work.  However our remit once again embraces work in more urban areas, and this, together with the need to differentiate ourselves from Durham County Council, prompted us to adopt Durham Community Action as our new name in 2013.
Over 80 years after our creation, County Durham’s communities continue to face many challenges.  Thankfully we are still here to help – the faces and name above the door may have changed, but we remain true to the ideals that our founding fathers embraced when we were created.

Read our first report

Read our supplement: The First 75 Years

Read the story of Rural Community Councils